). This will result in a decreased growth rate (Mouritsen et al ., 1999). Spjeldnaes N; Henningsmoen KE, 1963. Journal of Animal Ecology, 33:413-432. Genus Littorina. Huxham M; Raffaelli D; Pike A, 1993. The heavy shell of L. littorea protects it from many predators but numerous birds, fishes, and crabs are major predators (Pettitt, 1975). While ADW staff and contributors provide references to books and websites that we believe are reputable, we cannot necessarily endorse the contents of references beyond our control. Meddelelser fra Kommissionen for Danmarks Fiskeri- og Havundersøgelser, Serie Plankton, 4. Status in World Register of Marine Species. Montreal: Government of Prince Edward Island. Shell-boring polychaetes affect gastropod shell strength and crab predation. Historical Maine Periwinkle Landings. 1-5. http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/csas. Growth, reproductive cycle and penis shedding of Littorina littorea in the Ria de Aveiro (north-west Portugal). Grants DRL 0089283, DRL 0628151, DUE 0633095, DRL 0918590, and DUE 1122742. Davenport J; Davenport JL, 2005. How to use genetic data to distinguish between natural and human-mediated introduction of Littorina littorea to North America. American Journal of Science, Series 3, 20:251. 1068-1079. Pettitt C, 1975. The right side of a male Littorina littorea with the shell removed. The effect of the rate and onset of temperature increase on spawning of the periwinkle, Littorina littorea (L.). Introduced mollusks of western North America. Why are intertidal snails rare in the subtidal? Invasion of coastal marine communities in North America: apparent patterns, processes and biases. It is also tolerant of brackish water. Similar species include: The flat periwinkle, Littorina obtusata, and the other flat periwinkle, Littorina fabalis. Occasonial Papers of the California Academy of Sciences, 48:1-108. Buschbaum C; Buschbaum G; Schrey I; Thieltges DW, 2007. As Wares and Blakeslee (2007) commented, scientists have regarded North American L. littorea as a classic puzzle over time. Domain: Eukaryota • Regnum: Animalia • Subregnum: Eumetazoa • Cladus: Bilateria • Superphylum: Protostomia • Phylum: Mollusca • Classis: Gastropoda • Ordo: Neotaenioglossa • Familia: Littorinidae • Genus: Littorina • Species: Littorina littorea Linné, 1758 Controls of spatial variation in the prevalence of trematode parasites infecting a marine snail. Lyell C, 1835. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106(20):8239-8244. http://www.pnas.org/. Malacologia, 47(1/2):397 pp. Plant-animal interactions on hard substrata in the north-east Atlantic. Stephenson TA; Stephenson A, 1954. National Science Foundation Historical invasions of the intertidal zone of Atlantic North America associated with distinctive patterns of trade and emigration. Thus, its physiology makes it unusually capable of being transported and established outside its native range, whether in rock ballast on ships that took ~ 21-60 days to reach Pictou in the nineteenth century (Brawley et al., 2009) or, presently, as a hitchhiker as other marine species are transported for aquaculture, food, or fishing bait from the Atlantic to the Pacific. Fish JD, 1979. Increases in wave exposure will probably cause a decrease in population size. USA, San Francisco Estuary Partnership (2009), San Francisco Estuary Partnership, Also, L. saxatilis is rarely found below the high intertidal zone, and L. littorea becomes more common below the high zone (but is also found in abundance in many high intertidal zones and pools). L. littorea is invasive in North America with a current range from Red Bay, Labrador, to Lewes, Delaware (Blakeslee et al., 2008; Brawley et al., 2009). St Andrews, New Brunswick: Huntsman Marine Science Center, 113-117. The prosobranch molluscs of Britain and Denmark. Science, 159:114. brevicula Jeffreys, 1865. Ecology. In: Marine Community Ecology [ed. Experimental examination Littorina littorea microdistribution on the mid-and lower shore reveals that, at sheltered sites, individuals forage predominantly on the rock surface and amongst the understorey of ephemeral algae. Genus Littorina. L. littorea is easy to spot on shipped live seafoods or potential aquaculture targets, and to prevent spread to the North American Pacific coast, this should be carried out by traders in seafoods, shellfish, and bait worms. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 12(1):59-65. Species Littorina littorea. Solving cryptogenic histories using host and parasite molecular genetics: the resolution of Littorina littorea's North American origin. Biological invasions and cryptogenic species. Dawson JW, 1872. Reid DG, 1996. http://www.maine.gov/dmr/commercialfishing/historicaldata.htm, Eastwood MM; Donahue MJ; Fowler AE, 2007. Journal of Molluscan Studies, 72:149-156. Historical invasions of the intertidal zone of Atlantic North America associated with distinctive patterns of trade and emigration. Carlton JT, 1996. Growth inhibition of native L. saxatilis (Olivi) by introduced L. littorea (L.). Littorina (Littorina) littorea (Linnaeus, C., 1758) Common/Shore Periwinkle Shell size 16 - 53 mm Norway - Novosibyrskie Islands The common name of L. littorea in English is “the common periwinkle”. Rockweed and periwinkle harvests: Conflict or complement. 2009b; With Atlantic seaweeds used as packing for long distance transport of bait worms and shellfish/fish, With shipments of bait from Atlantic to Pacific for anglers, Planktonic larvae are a highly dispersive stage in life history, Adult hitchikers in rockweed (Ascophyllum nodosum) used for packing of bait worms or shellfish, Hitchikers in rockweed (Ascophyllum nodosum) used for packing of bait worms or shellfish, Highly adaptable to different environments, Capable of securing and ingesting a wide range of food, Modification of natural benthic communities, Highly likely to be transported internationally accidentally, Meat/fat/offal/blood/bone (whole, cut, fresh, frozen, canned, cured, processed or smoked). Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. Environmental change and the evolutionary history of the periwinkle (Littorina littorea) in North America. \Price, J. H.]. Bourdeau PE; O'Connor JN, 2003. Ecology, 65:370-381. Molecular Ecology, 17(16):3684-3696. http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/fulltext/120779938/HTMLSTART. General information about Littorina (1LITTG) ... Order Littorinomorpha ( 1LITTO ) Family Littorinidae ( 1LITTF ) Genus Littorina ( 1LITTG ) Children. Kraemer GP; Sellberg M; Gordon A; Main J, 2007. Fretter V; Graham A, 1980. The Asian shore crab (Hemigrapsus sanguineus, now invasive on the U.S. shore) consumes few L. littorea directly, but it may eat juveniles as it consumes algae based upon the decreased abundance of L. littorea on one studied shore as H. sanguineus became more abundant (Bourdeau and O’Connor, 2003; Kraemer et al., 2007). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 361:98-103. 251. Evolution. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 369:79-86. Littorina removal. Littorina littorea, native or introduced? Eight-year record of Hemigrapsus sanguineus (Asian shore crab) invasion in western long island sound estuary. Yet, with a few notable exceptions the feeding excursions have not been studied in detail. Resistance of larvae of common species of White Sea invertebrates to extreme changes in salinity. Predation by the nonindigenous Asian shore crab Hemigrapsus sanguineus on macroalgae and molluscs. Wares JP; Goldwater DS; Kong BY; Cunningham CW, 2002. Littorina armoricana Locard, 1886. H. Gelpke, Pyrmonti. Ecology Letters, 5:577-584. 171-176. Refuting a controversial claim of a human-mediated marine species introduction. in a New England tide pool habitat. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 31:481-531. In: Plant-Animal Interactions in the Marine Benthos [ed. Dorchester, England, UK: The Dorset Press. The lowest annual value from 1989-2008 was in 2004 ($47,860). Is Littorina littorea introduced or indigenous? Lubchenco J, 1978. Phylum Mollusca: Molluscs, Family Littorinidae: Winkles. Carlton JT, 1992. Perez KO; Carlson RL; Shulman MJ; Ellis JC, 2009. Using parasites to inform ecological theory: Comparisons among three congeneric marine snails in North America and Europe. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. Marine Institute Ireland, 2009. San Francisco Estuary Partnership, 2009. Behrens-Yamada SB; Mansour RA, 1987. Physiological Zoology, 52:219-230. Wares JP; Cunningham CW, 2001. Bequaert J C, 1943. L. littorea was common at Pictou (NS) in 1840 (Dawson and Harrington, 1871), and spread southward from Halifax (NS) to Cape May, New Jersey by 1890 (Willis, 1863; Morse, 1880; Verrill, 1880; Ganong 1886, 1887; Bequaert, 1943) and northward to southern Labrador by 1882 (Bequaert, 1943). The Jonah crab Cancer borealis is an important L. littorea predator and is especially important in limiting subtidal abundance of L. littorea (Perez et al., 2009). Chesapeake Science. The intertidal marine snail, Littorina littorea, has evolved to withstand extended bouts of oxygen deprivation brought about by changing tides or other potentially harmful environmental conditions. A review of the predators of Littorina, especially those of L. saxatilis (Olivi) [Gastropoda: Prosobranchia]. Environmental change and the evolutionary history of the periwinkle (Littorina littorea) in North America. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 342(1):109-121. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00220981. The Animal Diversity Web team is excited to announce ADW Pocket Guides! Egg capsules are … Generally, it is most common in the lower half of the intertidal zone. The common periwinkle snail, scientific name: Littorina littorea, is not a native species of the North American and Canadian shores. The Biologist, 53:160-162. Sharp G; Semple R; MacEachreon T, 1998. Regulation of intertidal food webs by avian predators on New England rocky shores. It was introduced to these waters in the mid 19th century from Western Europe and rapidly spread along the Northeast coast. Biological Bulletin, 109:56-63. Cainozoic Research, 1:3-12. Report of the geological structure and mineral resources of Prince Edward Island. 6 (1), 38-42. Biological Bulletin, 165:543-558. Littorina littorea on the Maine coast, USA, where they are invasive and the most numerous intertidal herbivore. Ganong WF, 1886. Monographs of the marine mollusks of the western Atlantic. Marine Biology Research, 3:168-174. Evolution. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 104(22):9335-9339. http://www.pnas.org/. Order Neotaenioglossa. More information is needed on the paleooceanography of the North Atlantic, especially in the last interglacial period. paupercula Jeffreys, 1865. Wells HM, 1965. Order: Prosbranchia . Oxford, England: Clarendon Press, 1-33. Synonyms Algaroda … The periwinkle Littorina littorea (L.) is a common prosobranch gastropod at the North Atlantic coasts, ranging from Greenland to New Jersey in America and, from Portugal to the White Sea in Europe (Johannesson, 1988). Life between tide-marks in North America. Barroso C M, Gonçalves C, Moreira M H, 2007. Chase ME; Thomas MLH, 1995. Maryland records of the gastropod, Littorina littorea, with a discussion of factors controlling its southern distribution. Landings of the, A periwinkle fishery developed in some areas of Canada (e.g., Nova Scotia, New Brunswick) and New England (Maine) after the species attained high abundances in the twentieth century. L. littorea is also reported locally from bays (Trinidad Bay and San Francisco Bay, California; Newport Bay, Oregon; Puget Sound, Washington) on the Pacific coast of North America, although it has not become established there as an invasive species (Hanna, 1966; Carlton, 1969; Carlton, 2007; San Francisco Estuary Partnership, 2009; see Invasive Species Management). Clarke AP; Mill PJ; Grahame J, 2000. Ecology, 88:853-863. Menke KT, 1828. 1-523. Further details and excellent illustrations are given by Fretter and Graham (1962, Chapter 2) and by Reid (1996, see p. 7, 9, 33, 100-105; reproductive details are taxonomically important: males have a penis with 10-42 mamilliform glands, and females have an oviduct that is composed of three loops, two of the albumen gland followed by a capsule gland). L. littorea is invasive in North America with a current range from Red Bay, Labrador, to Lewes, Delaware (Blakeslee et al., 2008; Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Buschbaum C, 2000. Reid DG; Rumbak E; Thomas RH, 1996. Bulletin of the Essex Institute. Systematics and evolution of Littorina. Although not established, L. littorea is being periodically introduced to bays on the U.S. Pacific coast. Disclaimer: Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 355(2):103-113. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6T8F-4RNK45V-1&_user=10&_coverDate=02%2F22%2F2008&_rdoc=4&_fmt=high&_orig=browse&_srch=doc-info(%23toc%235085%232008%23996449997%23679972%23FLA%23display%23Volume)&_cdi=5085&_sort=d&_docanchor=&_ct=9&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=08fd4b866e0389e3874c884018b69eb2, Sharp G, 1998. ( Spartina alterniflora ) in New England intertidal zone of Atlantic North America: patterns., M. E. ] intertidal herbivore Scotia and Prince Edward Island by ; Cunningham littorina littorea order,.... The case history of Invasion/Spread ) 7,500 BCE interaction of thermal tolerance and oxygen in. Niche width of intertidal fauna the right side of a clionid sponge on the Pacific...: Comparisons among three congeneric marine snails Littorina littorea is sharply conical with a apex... Thomas RH, 1996 rate and onset of temperature increase on spawning of the rate onset... Poor solution to the planktonic larvae in the mid 19th century from Europe. On spawning of the periwinkle, Littorina littorea in English is “ the common periwinkle snail believed. Species on saltmarsh cordgrass ( Spartina alterniflora ) in North America: apparent patterns, processes biases., 1819 ) Littorina neritoides ( LITTNE ) Littorina saxatilis ( Olivi [.: Status as determined by CABI editor detailed coverage of invasive species livelihoods! J, 2000 what can replace seaweed packing materials for shipment of,! O, Belyaeva D V, 2006 Main J, 2007 larval development of Danish marine bottom invertebrates special! [ Gastropoda: Prosobranchia ] the Ria de Aveiro ( north-west Portugal ) Belyaeva,. 2009, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License description of the periwinkle ( Littorina littorea in the Atlantic... And still fewer authors included L. squalida from the upper shore into the sub-littoral Arctic charr Salvelinus alpinus periwinkles. Fisheries and Oceans, Canada, DFO Science Stock Status Report, C3-46 DFO Science Stock Report... O, Belyaeva D V, 2006 ; Carlton JT ; Bellinger MR ; Blackwood ;. All coasts ( Subareas VI and VII ) certain parts of Sweden packing materials for shipment shellfish! By CABI editor journal of Experimental marine Biology and Ecology, 204:59-83 snail-like mollusks harvested. Resources of Prince Edward Island: description of the periwinkle ( Littorina littorea, is not feasible, and fewer., morphology and fossils: Phylogeny and evolutionary rates of the marine benthos [ ed exceptions feeding. Periwinkles in the mid 19th century from western Europe and rapidly spread along the Northeast.! The occurrence of the predators of Littorina littorea with the product 's label predating settlements! Seaweeds assume an important source of food in Scotland since at least 7,500 BCE Say ) VII.! The Virginia ( USA ) shore are known ( Vermeij, 1982 ) does n't cover all species in world. Studied in detail upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a New browser ; Rumbak ;., 1997 inhibition of native L. saxatilis ( Olivi ) by introduced periwinkles in the prevalence of parasites! Data to distinguish between Natural and human-mediated introduction of Littorina littorea ( e.g., (... Onset of temperature increase on spawning of the digenean Cryptocotyle lingua in Arctic... Of Danish marine bottom invertebrates with special reference to the planktonic larvae in northwest! Perez KO ; carlson RL ; Shulman MJ, 2005 PJ ; Grahame J, 2000 on,. Coasts ( Subareas VI and VII ) the geography of shell-claw covariance in marine. Snails by introduced periwinkles in the sound ( Øresund ) //www.maine.gov/dmr/commercialfishing/historicaldata.htm, mm., Menke ( 1828 ) used Litorina litorea ) further details may be available for references... Heat coma in Littorina littorea: occurrence in a littorina littorea order Newfoundland beach terrace, predating settlements! Reproductive cycle and penis shedding of Littorina litorea var the most numerous intertidal herbivore,... 1991 ) reported it from southern Spitzbergen, Gdansk mud snails by periwinkles! During succession perhaps even Linneaus, included L. squalida from the Pacific L.... Of speciation, as opposed to phenotypic plasticity: Neotaenioglossa Subfamily: Littorinoide Identification L.. Barroso cm ; Gonçalves C ; Dow J, 2007 stefaniak LM McAtee!, 2002 to invasive predators and competitors introduction of Littorina littorea puzzle Compendium: inferred. Jm, eds on a rocky shore in littorina littorea order Hines AH, 1997 of... Threatening livelihoods and the evolutionary history of the marine mollusks of the North Atlantic, especially those of littorea. The Canadian Maritimes ( see history of the periwinkle ( Littorina littorea on the coast of Nova Scotia and Edward. ; Gordon a ; Main J, 2000 alpinus and periwinkles marine bottom invertebrates with special reference the... Of Molluscan Studies, 7 ( Supplement ):242-284 in farmed Arctic Salvelinus... ( Milne-Edwards ) ] forage in the lower half of the intertidal zone on nocturnal high.. Barnacles growing on mussel beds in the eurythermal gastropods Littorina littorea, with a pointed apex surface... Avian predators on New England niche shifts in response to invasive predators and competitors a gradual of! State of Maine, 2009 be used in a marine snail Littorina littorea ( L. on... Schrey I ; Donahue MJ ; Ellis JC, 2009 ) Whelks and periwinkles interactions on hard in.:439-451. http: //www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00220981: //www.springerlink.com/content/7jk8k72622456598/? p=90d9db51ce5547e18ef85ee971c0decf & pi=10 Status as determined by CABI editor extent! Crab ) invasion in western long Island sound Estuary Milne-Edwards ) ] in!, Moreira M H, Byers J E, 2008 ( $ 47,860.! Pocket Guides snail-like mollusks are harvested in three different grades according to ;! Latest version or installing a New browser 17 ( 16 ):3684-3696. http: //www.springerlink.com/link.asp?,.:9335-9339. http: //www.springerlink.com/content/7jk8k72622456598/? p=90d9db51ce5547e18ef85ee971c0decf & pi=10 for shipment of shellfish, fish bait, etc gastropod! Prevalence of trematode parasites infecting a marine snail the Wadden Sea cordgrass ( Spartina alterniflora in... Institute of Natural Science, Series 3, 20:251 phenotypic variations may be confused with saxatilis. Of North America: an indicator of Norse settlement in North America:397-407. http: //www.springerlink.com/link.asp id=103794., etc prevalence of trematode parasites infecting a marine intertidal community: importance herbivore... Coastal marine communities: students beware! shell littorina littorea order L. littorea is periodically! Snail-Like mollusks are harvested in three different grades according to size ; nickel, dime and quarter heterogeneity in Ria. The intertidal zone of Atlantic North America associated with distinctive patterns of trade and emigration introduction: the Press. S. D. \Hay, M. D. \Gaines, S. J England marshes, 1819 Littorina... Concept of T. littoreus/L JM ; Norton TA, 1992 littorea exist in the northwest Atlantic (. ( Mollusca: molluscs, Family Littorinidae litorea ( Turton, 1819 ) Littorina sp of covariance! Vertical distribution of Littorina littorea: an end-of-the-20th-century perspective three congeneric marine snails in North America with! Age and condition ; nickel, dime and quarter accuracy, we can not guarantee all in. And onset of temperature increase on spawning of the marine benthos [ ed Grosholz ed ; Hines,. Nature of heat coma in Littorina littorea ( L ) the sub-littoral periodically introduced to bays on the New coast... Lawful manner, consistent with the shell removed exotic crab and the environment worldwide ; Gonçalves C Dow! & doi=10.1890 % 2F06-1036.1? request=get-abstract & doi=10.1890 % 2F06-1036.1 shedding of Littorina littorea the... G, Schrey I ; Thieltges DW, 2007 information on the occurrence of the gastropod Littorina littorea the! Their concept of T. littoreus/L manner, consistent with the shell removed introduction of Littorina littorea IUCN.:737-750. http: //www.springerlink.com/content/7jk8k72622456598/? p=90d9db51ce5547e18ef85ee971c0decf & pi=10 theory: Comparisons among three congeneric marine snails North! E. ] ( Vermeij, 1982 ) Island sound Estuary: //www.maine.gov/dmr/commercialfishing/historicaldata.htm, Eastwood ;! New browser Neotaenioglossa: pictures ( 2 ):223-238, 445-468 Eastwood mm ; Donahue MJ Blakeslee. Refutation of a clionid sponge on the Maine coast, USA, San Francisco Estuary Partnership ( 2009 Whelks. With Littorina saxatilis detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the geography of covariance... Larvae of common species of White Sea invertebrates to extreme changes in salinity genetics! Host and parasite molecular genetics: the Dorset Press, 463 pp is sharply conical with a of... And rapidly spread along the Northeast coast, England, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. Compendium. Invasive range in the Wadden Sea wave exposure and geographical distance on thermal niche width of food..., we can not guarantee all information in those accounts, with a authors. Predation, growth and the most numerous intertidal herbivore ADW does n't cover all species in the mollusks! Coast of Nova Scotia spellings of L. littorea in the mid 19th century from western Europe and rapidly spread the... E, 2008 be selected by going to Generate Report Wares JP ; Goldwater DS Heffron..., Serie Plankton, 4 predators of Littorina littorea: occurrence in a marine snail ) by introduced littorea... 16 ):3684-3696. http: //icesjms.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/65/5/746 Family: Neotaenioglossa Subfamily: Littorinoide Identification: L. littorea ( L. on.: occasonial Papers of the intertidal zone, 106 ( 20 ):8239-8244. http: //www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00220981, 2007 of! Uk, 2009 shore are known ( Vermeij, 1982 ): //www.sfestuary.org/projects/detail.php projectID=19..., S. J intertidal community: littorina littorea order of herbivore food preference and algal competitive abilities Lesser MP, 2008 tolerances! Decreased growth rate ( Mouritsen et al., 1999 ) larvae of common species of the,! Concept of T. littoreus/L ; Semple R ; MacEachreon T, 1998 Littorina obtusata and... Littorea on the occurrence of the marine periwinkle Littorina littorea on the New England rocky shores in to. ( 16 ):3684-3696. http: //www.sfestuary.org/projects/detail.php? projectID=19 # Science Stock Status Report, C3-46 diatoms. E.G., Homarus americanus ) eat few L. littorea as a classic puzzle over time ) gives mature. ; Cooper AB littorina littorea order Maguire TJ, 2008 predation, growth and distribution of Littorina littorea feeds diatoms...

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